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Cox's Bazar: The Enchanting Coastal Gem

Nestled along the coast of Bangladesh lies Cox's Bazar, a captivating city that exudes charm and allure. With a rich history steeped in the influence of various rulers and civilizations, this coastal gem has evolved into a thriving municipality, attracting visitors from all corners of the globe.

But what is it about Cox's Bazar that makes it truly enchanting? Its natural beauty, cultural heritage, and economic significance all contribute to its allure. From the world's longest unbroken sea beach to its bustling tourism industry and burgeoning infrastructure, Cox's Bazar promises a journey of discovery and wonder.

So, come along as we embark on a captivating exploration of this coastal paradise, where every corner holds a story waiting to be unraveled.

History and Development

Cox's Bazar has a rich history and a fascinating journey of development over the years. The area was under the rule of Arakan kings until it was conquered by the Mughals in 1666. It attracted Mughal Prince Shah Shuja, who camped there with his forces. Later, it was controlled by the Tipras, Arakanese, Portuguese, and British.

The city was named after Captain Hiram Cox, a British East India Company officer. It was established in 1854 and became a municipality in 1869. Captain Advocate Fazlul Karim played a significant role in developing Coxs Bazar as a tourist spot. The municipality was turned into a town committee in 1959.

In 2012, Coxs Bazar was the site of the Coxs Bazar and Ramu riots, and in 2017, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees arrived in the area. The first confirmed case of COVID-19 was detected among the refugees in 2020, and a fire at the refugee camp in 2021 caused casualties and displacement.

Geography and Climate

After exploring the rich history and development of Cox's Bazar, it is essential to delve into its geography and climate, which greatly contribute to its allure as a coastal gem.

Cox's Bazar is located 150km south of Chittagong and is bounded by the Bakkhali River, the Bay of Bengal, and Jhilwanj Union. The town boasts the longest natural unbroken sea beach in the world, making it a popular tourist attraction. However, being built on a floodplain, Cox's Bazar is susceptible to flooding during cyclones. The area has a coastal plain and extensive beach and dunes.

The climate in Cox's Bazar is tropical monsoon, characterized by high temperatures, heavy rainfall, and excessive humidity. The southwest monsoon season is even wetter due to its coastal location. The average annual temperature ranges from 22.0°C to 30.1°C, and the average annual rainfall is 3,524mm.

Tourism and Attractions

The city of Coxs Bazar, known as the 'City of Tourism', offers a plethora of attractions and activities for visitors to indulge in.

One of the main highlights is the Coxs Bazar Beach, which is the fourth longest uninterrupted beach in the world. Tourists can enjoy a leisurely stroll along the sandy shores or take part in various water sports such as swimming, surfing, and jet skiing. The iconic sunset on the beach is a sight to behold and a favorite spot for photography enthusiasts.

Other attractions include the Ramu village with its Buddhist population, selling handicrafts and cigars, as well as monasteries, khyangs, and pagodas with Buddha images in bronze, gold, and other metals. The city also boasts the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Safari Park, the first safari park in Bangladesh, and the Cox's Bazar Aquarium, the only aquarium in the country.

For those who enjoy scenic drives, the Coxs Bazar-Teknaf Marine Drive offers a breathtaking view of the sea on one side and hills on the other.

With its beautiful beaches, wildlife sanctuaries, and architectural attractions, Coxs Bazar truly lives up to its reputation as an enchanting coastal gem.

Educational Institutions

Cox's Bazar is home to a variety of educational institutions that cater to the academic needs of its residents. These institutions play a crucial role in providing quality education and shaping the future of the students.

Here are four notable educational institutions in Cox's Bazar:

  1. Cox's Bazar Government College: Established in the early days, this college offers secondary and bachelor's degree programs. It has a long-standing reputation for providing excellent education.
  2. Cox's Bazar Law College: This college is the first profession-based college in the district. It focuses on legal studies and prepares students for a career in the field of law.
  3. Cox's Bazar Govt. Women's College: As the first college exclusively for women in the district, it plays a significant role in promoting women's education and empowerment.
  4. Cox's Bazar Commerce College: Dedicated to business studies, humanities, and business management, this college equips students with practical skills and knowledge needed for a career in the business world.

These educational institutions contribute to the overall development of the community by providing access to quality education and preparing students for future success.

Economy and Infrastructure

Cox's Bazar boasts a thriving economy and well-developed infrastructure that cater to the needs of its residents and visitors alike.

Tourism plays a major role in the city's economic activity, with numerous hotels, guest houses, and motels serving the influx of tourists.

The city's aquaculture industry, which includes fishing and seafood collection, contributes significantly to the livelihood of the local population and the country's revenue.

Coxs Bazar Airport, one of the busiest domestic airports in Bangladesh, supports the transportation needs of both tourists and locals.

Furthermore, the city is connected to the national highway (N1) and has a railway station on the Chittagong-Cox's Bazar line, providing convenient access to other parts of the country.

The presence of essential infrastructure facilities such as Coxs Bazar Bus Terminal and Coxs Bazar Development Authority further enhances the city's overall infrastructure.

Local Culture and Traditions

With a rich tapestry of customs and rituals, Coxs Bazar showcases a vibrant local culture that captivates both residents and visitors alike. Here are four fascinating aspects of the local culture and traditions in Coxs Bazar:

  1. Cultural Festivals: Coxs Bazar celebrates a range of colorful festivals throughout the year, including the Boishakhi Mela, which marks the Bengali New Year, and the Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha, which are important Muslim festivals. These festivals are characterized by traditional music, dance performances, and vibrant processions.
  2. Handicrafts and Artworks: The people of Coxs Bazar are skilled artisans known for their beautiful handicrafts, such as woven textiles, bamboo crafts, and seashell ornaments. Visitors can explore local markets and shops to admire and purchase these unique creations.
  3. Traditional Cuisine: The local cuisine of Coxs Bazar is a delightful fusion of flavors influenced by Bengali, Arakanese, and Rohingya cuisines. Seafood, especially prawns and fish, is a staple of the region. Visitors can savor mouthwatering dishes like shutki maach bhaja (dried fish fry) and chingri malai curry (prawn curry).
  4. Folklore and Music: Coxs Bazar is home to a rich tradition of folk songs and tales that reflect the region's history and cultural heritage. These stories are often accompanied by traditional musical instruments like the dotara and flute. Travelers can immerse themselves in the enchanting melodies and stories passed down through generations.

Wildlife and Nature Reserves

The natural beauty of Cox's Bazar is further enhanced by its diverse wildlife and well-preserved nature reserves.

The region is home to a wide range of flora and fauna, making it a paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. The wildlife in Cox's Bazar includes various species of birds, mammals, reptiles, and marine life.

The area is also known for its nature reserves, which are carefully protected and managed to preserve the unique ecosystems and habitats. These reserves provide a sanctuary for endangered species and contribute to the overall biodiversity of the region.

Visitors to Cox's Bazar can immerse themselves in the tranquility of these nature reserves, explore the lush forests, and spot exotic wildlife in their natural habitats. It is truly a remarkable destination for those seeking a close encounter with nature.

Festivals and Events

Festivals and events in Cox's Bazar showcase the vibrant cultural heritage and traditions of the region. Here are four notable celebrations that attract both locals and tourists alike:

  1. Cox's Bazar Sea Beach Festival: This annual event celebrates the beauty of Cox's Bazar Beach and the coastal lifestyle. Visitors can enjoy various activities such as beach volleyball, sandcastle competitions, seafood fairs, and cultural performances.
  2. Buddha Purnima: This religious festival commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Lord Buddha. The Buddhist community in Cox's Bazar organizes colorful processions, prayer ceremonies, and cultural programs. It is a time of reflection, peace, and spiritual enlightenment.
  3. Eid-ul-Fitr: As a predominantly Muslim country, Eid-ul-Fitr holds great significance in Cox's Bazar. The city comes alive with vibrant decorations, special prayers, and feasts. Locals and visitors join together to celebrate the end of Ramadan with joy and gratitude.
  4. International Tourism Day: Cox's Bazar takes pride in its status as a major tourist destination. On International Tourism Day, various activities and events are organized to promote the tourism industry. It is a day to appreciate the natural beauty, cultural heritage, and hospitality that Cox's Bazar has to offer.

Local Cuisine and Food

Cox's Bazar offers a delectable array of local cuisine and food that tantalizes the taste buds of both locals and tourists. The coastal city is known for its fresh and flavorful seafood dishes, with a variety of fish, shrimp, and crab being the highlights. Prawn malai curry, a creamy and aromatic dish made with coconut milk and spices, is a must-try for seafood lovers.

Another popular dish is shutki maach, dried fish that is cooked with spices and served with rice or flatbread. For those craving a taste of traditional Bangladeshi cuisine, Cox's Bazar also offers mouthwatering biryanis, kebabs, and various curries. Vegetarian options like dal and vegetable curries are also available.

Whether you are a seafood enthusiast or a fan of traditional Bangladeshi dishes, Cox's Bazar has something to satisfy every palate.

Tips for Travelers

When planning a trip to Cox's Bazar, it is essential for travelers to be aware of useful tips that will enhance their experience in this enchanting coastal gem. Here are four tips for travelers visiting Cox's Bazar:

  1. Pack appropriately: As Cox's Bazar has a tropical monsoon climate, it is important to pack lightweight and breathable clothing, sunscreen, a hat, and insect repellent. Don't forget to bring a swimsuit and beach essentials to fully enjoy the beautiful beaches.
  2. Stay hydrated: With high temperatures and humidity, it is crucial to stay hydrated. Carry a water bottle and drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Avoid drinking tap water and opt for bottled water or boiled water instead.
  3. Plan your visit: Cox's Bazar offers a wide range of attractions and activities. Plan your visit in advance to make the most of your time. Research popular tourist spots, such as Cox's Bazar Beach, Marine Drive Road, and the safari park, and prioritize the ones that interest you the most.
  4. Respect local customs and traditions: Cox's Bazar is a culturally rich destination. Respect the local customs and traditions by dressing modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Be mindful of local etiquette and show respect to the local community.


In conclusion, Cox's Bazar stands as a mesmerizing coastal destination that seamlessly blends history, natural beauty, and thriving tourism. With its rich heritage, stunning landscapes, and diverse attractions, this enchanting gem offers a unique experience to visitors.

From exploring the vibrant city to immersing oneself in the tranquility of its wildlife sanctuaries, Cox's Bazar truly captivates the hearts of all who venture here.

As the saying goes, 'The journey is the destination,' and Cox's Bazar is a journey filled with wonder and enchantment.

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